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Common Bowel Disorders

Ed note: This section is moderated by Samita Garg, MD.  Dr. Garg is a Board certified, fellowship trained gastroenterologist with a practice at Porter Adventist Hospital in Denver.

She treats general GI conditions including Irritable Bowel syndrome (IBS).  Please feel free to comment and add suggestions

Disorders of the digestive system range from insignificant to deadly serious. Functional bowel disorders generally affect motility. They produce annoying symptoms, but on the whole are not associated with significant pathology. We will cover improtant developme nts in this area of medicine.

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ORLANDO — The use of artificial intelligence during colonoscopy appears to boost the accuracy and sensitivity of adenoma detection, even for lesions as small as 5 mm, according to recent studies.

The goal of integrating this technology into routine colonoscopy is to get the adenoma detection rate closer to the 50% reported in studies of screening-age populations, said William Karnes, MD, from the University of California, Irvine.

"Adenoma detection rates among different colonoscopists vary between 7% and 53%. The adenoma detection rate should equal prevalence," he told Medscape Medical News.

Convolutional neural network technology was able to distinguish between images with and without polyps with 96% accuracy in a study of 9000 screening colonoscopy images, he reported at the World Congress of Gastroenterology 2017.

The machine-learning system can read up to 170 images per second, making it "easily applied to live video," said Dr Karnes when he presented the research, which won the 2017 Presidential Poster Award for Colorectal Cancer Prevention.

"Artificial intelligence for polyp detection has the potential to help all colonoscopists achieve detection rates closer to true prevalence, and to further reduce the risk of interval colorectal cancers," he added.

The adenoma detection rate should equal prevalence.

Another computer-aided system, known as EndoBRAIN artificial intelligence, is easy to use and provides an automatic diagnosis at the push of a button, reported Yuichi Mori, MD, from Showa University in Shinagawa-ku, Japan.

"Recognizing a lesion as neoplastic is very useful information during a colonoscopy," Dr Mori emphasized at the recent United European Gastroenterology (UEG) Week 2017. With EndoBRAIN, lesions identified as neoplastic can be considered as such "with very high confidence."

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